Acute Pain Nursing Care Plan

Pain is a highly subjective in nature. A painful sensory and emotional experience connected with existing or potential tissue damage, or characterized in terms of such harm, is the most common definition.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

In order to fully understand the effects of pain, it is necessary to understand the pathophysiology of it. The activation of peripheral pain receptors particularly A delta and C sensory nerve fibres result in Acute Pain, which typically occurs as a result of tissue damage.

GOAL:

The patient will experience pain relief or verbalize a reduce pain level.

NURSING INTERVENTIONS

INDEPENDENT

  • Perform a comprehensive assessment of pain. Determine the location, characteristics, onset, duration, frequency, quality, and severity of pain.

RATIONALE: The most accurate source of information about pain is the patient who is experiencing it. Because individuals can explain the location, intensity, and duration of pain, their self-report is the gold standard in pain evaluation. As a result, having an interview to measure pain assists the nurse in designing appropriate pain treatment strategies.

  • Provide a diversional activities or non pharmacological pain management.

RATIONALE: This approach involves focusing one’s attention on non-painful stimuli in order to reduce pain awareness and experience. Drawing the person’s attention away from the source of pain reduces their perception of it. Reading, watching TV, playing video games, and guided imagery are just a few examples.

  • Advice for breathing exercises to help alleviate the pain.

RATIONALE: Breathing exercises can assist you in breaking the pain pattern. The body relaxes and the tension surrounding the pain site is alleviated by taking a few moments to engage in conscious breathing.

DEPENDENT

  • Administer prescribed analgesia and Reasess after 30 minutes

RATIONALE: Analgesics helps relieve pain. Reassessing after 30 minutes allows you to check the effectiveness of the drug .

  • Refer the patient to pain specialist as ordered by the physician.

RATIONALE: To allow the patient to receive more information specializing in pain care if necessary.

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